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Just like your physical health, oral health is equally important. However, in the current day and age, we often disregard the importance of maintaining good oral health. Further, it is essential to note that simply brushing your teeth on a daily basis does not guarantee the fact that the mouth is in perfect health. you can still be susceptible to a host of oral problems including gum diseases. Gum diseases could range from inflammation of the gums to serious complications including periodontitis. Gum diseases arise when the bacteria in the mouth combine the mucus and particles of food results in plaque. Plaque, if not dealt with in time could transform into tartar which is also known as calculus. The calculus is responsible for the damage caused to the enamel of the tooth and different tissues present underneath the gum line. The team of specialists at City Dental Care can guide you and assist you to maintain the best oral health. However, regular dental check-ups and follow-ups after any dental treatment go a long way in ensuring pristine gum health. Here we would like to highlight the various indicators of gum disease and how you can treat the same. Gum disease or gingivitis can be typically treated effectively with minimally-invasive treatments including expert dental cleaning and antibiotics. However, gingivitis could advance to periodontitis wherein invasive procedures are required including scaling and deep cleaning of the roots of the teeth and at times, bone grafting. It is important to note that if periodontitis is not treated within the required timeframe, it could cause immense damage to the bone and tissues which support the teeth. In addition, the bacteria could enter your bloodstream and spread to the other areas of the body. Individuals suffering from gum diseases could develop other health problems if timely preventive measures are not taken to address this problem. 

Here are some of the vital signs and symptoms of gum diseases you should keep an eye on to detect gum disease at an initial stage. 

Although gum diseases primarily affect individuals above 35-40 years of age, gum diseases could develop at an earlier stage due to poor oral hygiene.  Bleeding gums One of the top signs of gum diseases includes inflammation of the gums along with bleeding, swelling, and tenderness to some extent. People suffering from gingivitis may not experience any pain. However, in advanced stages of the condition, bleeding gums is accompanied by a certain degree of pain. 
  • Loose teeth
When gum infection spreads to the parts underneath the gums, it could lead to losing teeth. Further, if the condition is not treated at the right time, the pockets become deeper as the bacteria continue to inflict heavy damage to the teeth and gum tissues surrounding it. 
  • Bad breath
Halitosis or bad breath that persists for a long time despite brushing could be a sign of an infection in your gums. Bad breath could be a by-product of the plaque that has accumulated on the teeth and with time forms odour-producing toxins. 
  • Highly sensitive teeth
One of the indicators of gum disease is tooth sensitivity as a result of gum recession caused by periodontitis. Gum begins to recede when the outer protective surface (enamel) wears off and the surface of the tooth (dentin) is exposed. 
  • Gum recession
The recession of the gums is one of the symptoms of periodontitis. In this situation, the tissue which surrounds the teeth begins to erode and pull back which leads to gum recession. 

What are the different causes of gum diseases?

Now that you know the importance and the most common symptoms of gum diseases, you should also understand the different causes of gum diseases.
  • Unhealthy diet
Lack of sufficient nutrients will ultimately weaken your immune system and make you vulnerable to a range of physical and oral health problems such as gingivitis and periodontitis.
  • Smoking
Smoking significantly increases the chances of gum diseases and could also affect the effectiveness of the treatment provided. 
  • Age
According to research, older people are highly susceptible to gum diseases in comparison to the younger population.
  • Diabetes
Individuals suffering from diabetes are at a greater risk of gum diseases and a range of other infections. 
  • Medical conditions
Apart from diabetes, individuals with conditions such as certain hormonal diseases AIDS and cancer are more prone to gum diseases.
  • Gum disease is a common oral health issue. However, as individuals lay greater emphasis on keeping their teeth healthy, they tend to ignore the symptoms of gum diseases as they are usually painless during the early stages. Inability to identify these symptoms could lead to catastrophic consequences and unwanted dental conditions which can be prevented with timely interventions. 
At City Dental, our team of some of the most experienced and best oral surgeon in Wakad, strive hard to offer the best dental treatments at affordable prices. We place greater emphasis on patient comfort and ensure our patients receive world-class treatments with a high degree of comfort. Our experts cater to all the queries put forward by our patients and offer guidance to help them prevent dental problems in the future. If you are experiencing discomfort while eating or any of the mentioned symptoms, schedule an appointment with us today so that our team can address your dental issues at the earliest!